FACTORS INFLUENCING HOUSEHOLD WASTE DISPOSAL PRACTICES AND THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PRACTICES AND THE SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF THE RESIDENTS OF IMO STATE NIGERIA.

Authors

  • Emesowum Anthonia Chinwendu Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Imo State University (Orlu) Imo State, Nigeria
  • Chiejina Edith Nkechi Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka (Nnewi Campus) Anambra State, Nigeria

Keywords:

Household wastes, factors influencing waste management, Perceived negative effect, Demographic Variables, Residents in Imo State.

Abstract

Background: Improper waste management practices can be influenced by many factors which impact negatively on humans and the environment. The study focused on assessing the factors that influence household waste disposal practices among residents in Imo State Nigeria and the association between the socio-demographic characteristics of the residents of Imo State and their perceived negative effect of environmental pollution caused by poor household waste disposal.. Method: Cross sectional research design was used for the study. Multistage sampling technique was adopted for the study across the communities and households in the Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Imo State Nigeria to select sample of 1600 residents/household. Instrument used for data collection in this study was an adapted questionnaire titled Household Solid Waste Management Survey Questionnaire (HSWMSQ). Reliability of the instrument was established through test-retest method using Cronbach’s Alpha which yielded co-efficient of 0.749. The data collected were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, mean, Standard Deviation and Chi-Square Statistics.  Results: Majority of the respondents(72.8%) reported that proximity of the dump site influenced their pattern of household waste disposal practices. Also, there was a significant association between demographic characteristics and perceived negative effect of environmental pollution due to poor household waste disposal (Age group: X2= 61.967, p-value= 0.000; Community; X2= 31,440 p-value= 0.000; Occupation (X2= 51.936, p-value= 0.000; Education (X2= 14.375, p-value= 0.003; Marital status (X2= 75.344, p-value= 0.000.Conclusion: Poor patterns of waste disposal among the residents in Imo State constituted threat to the health of the residents. Focused health education and home visits are needed to enhance teaching of the appropriate skills required for proper disposal of household wastes. This will ensure prevention of diseases and subsequently reduce morbidity and mortality rates among the residents

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Published

2023-11-14

How to Cite

Emesowum, . A. C., & Chiejina , E. N. (2023). FACTORS INFLUENCING HOUSEHOLD WASTE DISPOSAL PRACTICES AND THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE PRACTICES AND THE SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF THE RESIDENTS OF IMO STATE NIGERIA. Irish Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, 7(6), 1–9. Retrieved from https://aspjournals.org/Journals/index.php/ijees/article/view/491