EFFECTS OF PARENTING STYLE ON CHILDREN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT EDUCATION AUTHORITY

Abstract                                                   
This study was carried out to investigate the influence of parenting styles on the academic achievement of pupils in Mathematics in Awka South Local Government Education Authority of Anambra State. The study adopted an ex-post facto research design. Two research questions guided the study. The population of the study consisted of 2,377 Primary five pupils in the 45 public primary schools in Awka South Local Government Education Authority. The sample comprised of 424 Primary five pupils selected using multi-stage sampling. Data were collected using a researcher structured questionnaire titled “Questionnaire on Parenting Styles (QPS)”.The 2018/2019 mathematics achievement scores of students in each sampled schools were also used. The QPS was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha which yielded an overall co-efficient of 0.83. Mean was used to answer the research questions while standard deviation was used to check the closeness of the respondents’ responses to the mean. The findings revealed that parents use of authoritative parenting style mostly influence academic achievement of excellence in pupils in mathematics; Parents use of authoritarian and permissive parenting styles mostly influence academic achievement of good in pupils in mathematics; and parents use of uninvolved parenting style mostly led to failure of pupils in mathematics. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended among others that the State government through the Ministry of Education should organize guidance and counseling programmes in the communities to sensitize, educate and empower parents on various parenting styles and their influence on academic achievement of pupils; and Teachers should make efforts to know their pupils’ parents and families so as to know the goals they have set for their children