COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON SOIL SUITABILITY EVALUATION GUIDELINES FOR SELECTED COMMUNITY CROPS IN KHANA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE, SOUTHERN NIGERIA

Abstract A Comparative study on soil suitability evaluation guidelines for selected community crops was carried out in Khana Local Government Area of Rivers State, Southern Nigeria. Eight soil mapping units were recognized and appropriate suitability guidelines specific for each of the community crop of interest were followed in establishing the suitability of the soils of Khana for their cultivation. Various suitability evaluation guidelines of each soil type and each of the different community crops pedon by pedon, were ranked and the rankings were compared using the Spearman’s rho ranking correlation coefficient to ascertain the guidelines that can best accommodate the eight community crops of interest. The results showed that, the suitability guidelines for oil palm correlates with cassava, yam and citrus, while cassava correlates with yam and oil palm and yam correlates with cassava and oil palm. Plantain stands on its own; while the suitability guidelines to be used for maize, fluted pumpkin or okro depends on individual choice as any of the guidelines could be used for their suitability evaluation.

EFFECT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF CATFISH FARMERS IN EDO SOUTH, EDO STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract

The study was conducted to examine the effect of socio-economic characteristics on food security status of catfish farmers in Edo South of Nigeria. It specifically described the socio-economic characteristics of the catfish farmers, determined their food security status and examined the socio-economic factors influencing their food security status. A two-stage sampling procedure was employed to select a total of 117 catfish farmers from the study area for the study. Data were collected using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, food security status analysis and logit regression model were used for data analysis.