ACHIEVEMENTS AND CONSTRAINTS OF PRINCIPALS IN SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION IN THE LIGHT OF HIDDEN CURRICULUM
Keywords:Administration, hidden curriculum, discipline, administrative achievement, administrative constraints
Discipline of staff and students has always been in the forefront of effective school administration. This is one of the areas in school administration where when principals get it right, there exists a favourable school environment conducive to teaching and learning. The study ascertained the achievements and constraints of principals in the administration of secondary schools in the light of hidden curriculum. The researchers carried out the study in public secondary schools in Owerri Education zone of Imo State, Nigeria. The study adopted a quantitative paradigm. It specifically employed descriptive survey research design. The sample size of the study was 60 principals. Two hypotheses guided the study. The study was anchored on Henri Fayol’s Administrative Management Theory, and supported by Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory. A twenty-five - item questionnaire was used to collect data. The researchers collected the data in person. The used t-test statistics to test the two hypotheses that guided the study at a significant alpha level of 0.05. The findings of the study revealed that male principals achieve more on administrative discipline than female principals. However, they have equal strength in the development of the school. Nevertheless, financial constraint impedes the effective administration and management of the schools by both male and female principals in rural and urban areas. Drawing from these findings, the researchers therefore recommended that equal opportunities and financial strength should be given to both male and female principals in the administration of the school. This would enable them to be more effective in instilling discipline in the workforce in order to enhance performance among staff and students.